Caste system is a system much like western concept of racism where people are discriminated against due to their skin colour; similarly, in caste system, discrimination is done on the basis of birth i.e. Background. Untouchable, also called Dalit, officially Scheduled Caste, formerly Harijan, in traditional Indian society, the former name for any member of a wide range of low-caste Hindu groups and any person outside the caste system. The origins of the caste system in India and Nepal are not fully known, but castes seem to have originated more than 2,000 years ago. Within in the caste system was Varna, the 4 main castes. These castes are drawn from several sources: The Mughal and Pathan are ethnic groups, roughly speaking, while the Qureshi name comes from the Prophet Muhammad's clan in Mecca. Reincarnation is the process by which a soul is reborn into a new material form after each life; it is one of the central features of the Hindu cosmology. There is no universally accepted theory on caste system. The Rig Veda (10:90) says that the gods created it by sacrificing the primal Purusha. Create your account The British allied themselves with the Brahmin caste, restoring some of its privileges that had been repealed by the Muslim rulers. At birth, every child inherits his or her ancestor’s caste, through the Hindu varna system, which determines their social status and assigns them “spiritual purity”. In thewords of Mahatma Gandhi, caste dharmais "the duty one has to perform" and "thelaw of ones … And outside the pale of the varna system were the Untouchables, or Dalits. The segregation of people based on their Varna was intended to decongest the responsibilities of one's life, preserve the purity of a caste, and establish eternal order. The term caste was first used by Portuguese travelers who came to India in the 16th century (see Spice Trade in India).Caste comes from the Spanish and Portuguese word “casta” which means “race”, “breed”, or “lineage,” but many Indians use the term “jati”. Many rulers of the later part of history were also from other castes—for example, the Madurai Nayaks, Balijas (traders) that ruled from 1559 to 1739. People are grouped because of their occupation. Although originally caste depended upon a person's work, it soon became hereditary. A Dalit is actually born below the caste system, which includes four primary castes: Brahmins (priests), Kshatriya (warriors and princes), Vaishya (farmers and artisans), … 9. The Vedas form the basis of Hindu scripture. There are certain Religious, Biological and Historical Theories. In this system, a particular soul's new form depends upon the virtuousness of its previous behavior. The Caste system is a system in India that was once mainly used by Hindus.It started as a job system but later became a social class system that depends on ones ancestry. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. She has taught at the high school and university levels in the U.S. and South Korea. Untouchables were barred entirely from temples, and sometimes they were not even allowed to set foot on temple grounds. This belief is thought to be one of the primary reasons for the vegetarianism of many Hindus. Furthermore, the caste system has contributed considerably to the stability of the Hindu national morals, religion, art and craftsmanship, inspite of the fact that the Hindu community has been passing through centuries of political turmoils and vicissitudes, conflicts and confusion. I. But over the years, the caste system became intertwined with Hindu India. They are considered sacred or pure because they belong to the highest caste in the Hindu caste system and according to the Hindu caste system, people believe that higher the caste, more is the purity. When Buddhism began in India, Buddhists did not recognize castes. Due to the ancient Hindu Caste system; One of the most important things about the Caste is that it causes self-inflicting problems on the people who are part of it. From the 12th century to the 18th century, much of India was ruled by Muslims. For example, the renowned Gupta Dynasty, which was in power from 320 to 550, was from the Vaishya caste. (even down to the noble lie).In other words, India’s class system is unique, as no other major culture historically used a fully hereditary clas… The Hindu conception of the social order is that people are different, and different people will fit well into different aspects of society. The castes were a form of social stratification … Alphas maintain the highest jobs in the world state. Castes or sub-castes besides the four mentioned in the Bhagavad Gita include such groups as the Bhumihar or landowners, Kayastha or scribes, and the Rajput, a northern sector of the Kshatriya or warrior caste. Regardless of who the Aryans were or where they lived, it is generally agreed that they did not single-handedly create South Asia's caste system. Untouchables were considered so impure that any contact with them by a caste member would contaminate that member. The main castes were further divided into about 3,000 castes and 25,000 sub-castes, each based on their specific occupation. Caste comes from the Spanish and Portuguese word “casta” which means “race”, “breed”, or “lineage,” but many Indians use the term “jati”. Wilkerson describes caste an artificial hierarchy that helps determine standing and respect, assumptions of beauty and competence, and even who gets benefit of … One of these four sacred canonical texts, the Rig Veda, described the origins of the world and points to the gods for the origin of the caste system. The Republic of India became independent on August 15, 1947. According to Bhagavad Gita- ancient sacred text of India, castes are created based on the profession of a … Dr. Kallie Szczepanski is a history teacher specializing in Asian history and culture. Many scholars believe the system dates back more than 3,000 years. The caste system in ancient India had been executed and acknowledged during, and ever since, the Vedic period that thrived around 1500-1000 BCE. The caste system defined three main categories of humans, and then further broke that down into 16 distinct racial subcategories. 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