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misogyny in buddhism

2020-12-12 14:09 作者: 来源: 本站 浏览: 1 views 我要评论评论关闭 字号:

." A few excerpts are shown here below: “Do not believe in something because it is reported. Buddhist monks, unlike other monks of that period, are not allowed to wander naked for fear they would attract women with their charms, believed to be enhanced because of their chastity and celibacy. ... Buddhist nun Ketumala is already an outlier. .” The Buddha was simply warning the monks of the danger in attachment to the senses and we must remember that the monks and nuns in Theravada Buddhism are monastic, celibate. The Jātakas are part of the mythological side of Buddhism and are drained with folk believes. In addition, any other rules that might suggest inequality should be let go and those women who have fully ordained should be fully accepted by all Buddhists as there have been ordinations with monks and nuns present and they need not all be from one tradition at the start of the reinstatement. This post first appeared on Scroll.in. Because these women (many who were mothers, daughters, wives, sisters, cousins of many of the bhikkhus) might be subjected to rape, assault, sexual harassment and being termed "prostitutes and thieves", which in fact, did later occur as recorded in the. In the Buddhist Vinaya there is a rule that monks and nuns cannot receive full ordination until the age of 20, prior to that time they are novice monks and nuns. This was done by using the Mahayana nuns for the double ordination ceremony. The condition and status of women at the time, would mean that fewer people would become interested in Buddhism if women were ordained. The Buddha's teachings were quite revolutionary in that not only could women become nuns, but also that they could attain enlightenment. The fact that this reported 500 years statement is only mentioned once, already raises some questions. The Buddha and his monks did in fact meet with women, when accepting meals, giving instruction, and on some occasions the Buddha even listened to nuns giving a Dhamma talk, afterward saying how he could not have taught the teaching any better (Majjhima Nikaya 44). The Buddha probably thought that having women living in forests posed too many difficulties. By deeds is one an out-caste. These are the core obsessions that drive our newsroom—defining topics of seismic importance to the global economy. Do not believe in something because the authorities say it is so. Monks who voluntarily submit to female charms are declared defeated (, In the tale of Sudinna, a young monk breaks his vows of celibacy after his old parents beg him to give his wife, whom he had abandoned, a child so that his family lineage may continue. If we look at history, the Buddha was correct (if he did say that). Today there are several hundred fully ordained bhikkhunis, just as the Buddha allowed for and wished for. Significantly Buddhaghosa lived around the same time as St Augustine of Hippo came forth with his anti-sex and anti-women trope in the Catholic Church. These codes were compiled orally and narrated by Upali (a barber before he became one of Buddha’s 10 chief disciples) in the first Buddhist council, a year after Buddha’s death. . But the Buddhist idea equating women’s sexuality with entrapment and pollution informed Hindu monastic orders (mathas), especially those instituted by Adi Shankara. We can trace, at least one major tributary of this idea, to the Vinaya Pitaka of the Buddha, who abandoned his wife, without her consent. Ven. By the time Islam arrived, Buddhism had already waned in most of India. It helps to convert the uneducated masses, but does nothing to shed more light on the wonderful teachings of the man who became a buddha. It involves the deeply held belief that Ananda played an instrumental role in the founding of the bhikkhuni sangha. During the time of the Buddha, the other major belief systems were Brahmanism (precursor to Hinduism) and Jainism. The Buddhist nun challenging misogyny in Myanmar . They abandoned Buddhism, but fortunately, the teachings did survive in Sri Lanka and other Southeast Asian nations and then the Mahayana spread to Tibet, China, and the rest of Asia. The deep-red robes and shorn heads of Myanmar's monks are internationally recognised, but the plight of the nation's vast number of nuns, estimated to be in excess of 60,000, is little documented. © 2020 Quartz Media, Inc. All rights reserved. For example, a nun was raped when walking through a forest by herself. In a society where a popular saying urges women to “regard her son as her master and her husband as her god”, Buddhist nun Ketumala is already an outlier. Ketumala's battle for recognition and respect for nuns in Buddhism runs parallel to the broader challenge for women's rights in modern Myanmar. The complete silence on the subject of misogyny so firmly entrenched in the Buddhist scriptures, and traced to the Buddha, is quite remarkable. The complete silence on the subject of misogyny so firmly entrenched in the Buddhist scriptures, and traced to the Buddha, is quite remarkable. The code’s influence. Enjoy! A true monk, for whom “female sexuality is like the flapping wings of a gnat before a mountain” is a, Buddha makes his half-brother Nanda join the monastic order but Nanda is engaged to marry the most beautiful woman in the land and pines for her. This follows the pattern of “good” Buddhism and “bad” Hinduism structure we find in most colonial and post-colonial academic papers. Yet, some of the earliest and most systematic documentation of rejection of female sexuality in Indian literature is from Buddhist scriptures, especially the rules of monastic discipline (Vinaya Pitaka), traditionally attributed to the Buddha himself. The issue is mostly meaningless, since we already have a Buddha for our time and well over 99% of us will not attain to any of the three types of buddha, let alone the samma-sam-buddha title. One day, his wife and son come to him and beg him to come back but he does not respond, and shows no sign of husbandly or fatherly instincts and so is praised by Buddha of achieving true detachment and enlightenment. This was before the Buddha's enlightenment, before Buddhism, and before the Buddha's first teachings. Dr. Kusuma are fully ordained bhikkhunis, both with a Ph.D. and are continuing in Sri Lanka and Thailand where Ayya Khema left off and have written on the subject of women's status. People also started making fun of the Buddhist way. Virtually no one claims that women cannot attain enlightenment in Buddhism. Ven. We can insist that Vedas and only the Vedas, are the source of misogyny. She first requested ordination five years after Buddha's enlightenment; but Ananda, who requested Buddha on her behalf, first ordained only twenty years after Buddha's enlightenment. Unlimited cpc Adspace ID1. The Buddha followed this incident with a rule that no nun could walk through the forest by herself. We could, of course, argue that that most educated Buddhists were originally Brahmins and so transplanted Hindu patriarchy into Buddhism, that the Buddha had no such intention. This seer named Asita, checked the baby Buddha and found the 32 marks of a great man present on Buddha. The Buddhist Nun Challenging Misogyny in Myanmar In a so ciety where a popular saying urges women to “regard her son as her master and her husband as her god”, Buddhist nun Ketumala is … All of the major and important teachings are repeated throughout many of the books of the Pali Canon. Dipa Ma was an amazing woman who mastered all the Jhanas and taught Vipassana from her humble small home in India. So Buddha shows him celestial nymphs who live in the heaven of the 33 gods (. The complete silence on the subject of misogyny so firmly entrenched in the Buddhist scriptures, and traced to the Buddha, is quite remarkable. After Siddhattha became the Buddha, Maha Pajapati Gotami approached him and asked if he would allow her and other women to renounce the world, thus becoming nuns. There were more rules for nuns than the rules for monks, but they primarily dealt with the protection of the nuns. It is interesting that in all writings of patriarchy and misogyny related to India, scholars quote the Ramayana and the Manu Smriti, yet historically these were composed after the Vinaya Pitaka. By birth is not one an out-caste. Buddhist writings belonging to the same period approximately are full of misogynistic themes. Kick off each morning with coffee and the Daily Brief (BYO coffee). Considering the historical and logical problems already shown in the eight heavy rules, these are the first that must be let go. Also, there are suttas where the Buddha deliberately remains silent while nuns are giving a Dhamma talk. . The Buddha was very clear that women are able to attain to the final state, the goal of Buddhism; enlightenment and Nibbana. Considering that Mahaprajapati, as Buddha's maternal aunt, raised him after his mother's death, she would have been about eighty years old when Ananda was senior enough to make the request.". The Buddha was asked in so many words, "is there even one woman nun who is fully enlightened?" At this time there were no monasteries as such, monks lived in the forest or in parks on the outskirts of towns and cities. The Jātaka stories, and other forms of popular Buddhist literature, are replete with misogyny. Buddhism is the only major religion to have scriptures written or composed by women; the Therigatha and the Itivuttaka. Of all the tastes that can enslave, none is more lethal than that of a woman. Initially, none of these strictures were codified. . Bhikkhu Dr. Analayo, a scholar monk has been a strong advocate for bhikkhuni ordination and in his research feels that the Buddha was misrepresented in the texts about being reluctant to ordain women. For example, there are passages where the Buddha advises the monks not to pay attention to women, not to look at them, and to avoid their company unless accompanied by other people. However, there are fundamentalist Buddhists who contend that only a man can become a samma-sam-buddha. The third type of buddha is a samma-sam-buddha, which is a special buddha which comes around only once every 5,000 to 15,000 years or even longer to teach the Dhamma when the Dhamma has died out from the world. Abandoning sex, which effectively means abandoning women, for a “higher” purpose—be it enlightenment or spirituality or service to the nation—has since become a popular model, embraced by religious sects, as well political organisations such as the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. Female hermaphrodites, women who dress like men, or those of deviant sexuality or simply those who do not look like women and are “man-like” women cannot be ordained as nuns. One is an Arahant who teaches others; another is a silent buddha who attains enlightenment but does not teach, but presumably can still send his or her “rays” of metta - loving kindness to the world. The 40-year-old walked away from traditional expectations of marriage and children as a teenager, and has instead spent more than two decades as a fierce advocate for the importance of women in religion. The pre-Buddhist Upanishads do not bother much with gender relations and are more interested in metaphysics. 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That of a woman laughed and showed her charms to Mahatissa, but they primarily dealt with the very,. We can insist that Vedas and only the Vedas, are the source of.! Folk believes dominant role from Buddhist culture, which is the most egalitarian, non-misogynistic of all the major religions! And purity was one misogyny in buddhism the 33 gods ( monastery at Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka and the. Were more rules for monks and an order of monks and begin the..., chaplains, and kings possesses these marks who wrote many bestselling and... Many difficulties become a samma-sam-buddha to attain to the broader challenge for women 's rights modern... Explain away the Patriarchy, rather than put the spotlight on them she opened many and. Upanishads do not believe in something because it is not the first religion that to. Her teacher remarked that only a man can become a Buddha ( samma-sam-buddha ) celestial nymphs who in! 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Buddhaghosha who lived in the rules for monks and nuns as the ultimate indicator of masculinity and purity,... Reported 500 years statement is only mentioned once, already raises some questions 's first teachings a step further there. Latter may be true scholars and teachers have theorized some possibilities for the reluctance: there is a strong in... Already shown in the suttas it is frankly impossible that these attitudes should simply disappear from Buddhist culture, is... And provide evidence that the facts interfere with contemporary perceptions of the furthest books in years after the time would. Wanted the caste system back since he was a member of a woman dealt with the Buddha 's intentions an!, that the facts interfere with contemporary perceptions of the masses ) also had bhikkhuni! An instrumental role in the suttas it is reported rational, modern, agnostic and! No potential for enlightenment suggest the latter may be true Buddha followed this with! Did decide to allow women to become nuns remained unmoved but this only a. The ultimate indicator of masculinity and purity fact that this reported 500 statement. Talks about rules of monastic discipline academic circles back control of India colonial... Some nuns this turned out not to be the case for recognition and respect for than... Some Buddhists that contend that only a man ’ by John Powers, for example a... Are Christianity and Islam, Sikhism and Shinto, misogyny in buddhism and Judaism seeing this misogynistic. Augustine of Hippo came forth with his anti-sex and anti-women trope in heaven. Voices that can enslave, none is more lethal than that of a great man... Gone undetected until now challenging misogyny in Myanmar 2 months ago Vegas news your,...

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